John the Evangelist, Saint

John the Evangelist, Saint
   St. John the Evangelist, the youngest of the apostles, was called along with his brother James by Christ at Lake Genesareth. John was present at the Transfiguration, Agony in the Garden, and Crucifixion. After Christ's death, he went to Rome where Emperor Domitian submitted him to martyrdom. Having escaped unscathed from a pot of boiling oil, he was exiled to the island of Patmos where, after experiencing visions, he wrote the Revelations, the final book in the Bible. Correggio depicted St. John in one of those mystical moments in 1520-1524 in the dome fresco of San Giovanni Evangelista in Parma, and Hans Memlinc (1479; Bruges, Hospital of St. John) did the same in one of the lateral panels of his Altarpiece of the Virgin and Angels. After Domitian's death, St. John went to Ephesus where he also wrote his Gospel. He died there, the only apostle to do so of natural causes. Scenes from St. John's life are included in the Peruzzi Chapel at Santa Croce, Florence, rendered by Giotto in the 1320s, and in the chapel of Filippo Strozzi at Santa Maria Novella, Florence, painted by Filippino Lippi in 1502.
   See also Apocalypse.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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